Hard to read? Click here to see the newsletter in your web browser

! Editorial

"LCA news" is a French bimonthly newsletter ("La lettre de l'ACV" in French), published by Ecostatis. Every two weeks, it presents LCA-related information, a bibliography study and a conference agenda. This is the second English-translated version (13th issue in French).
You receive this edition because you subscribed or you have been identified as an LCA expert who may be interested. If you would like to subscribe, you can send an email to info@ecostatis.com with the object SUBSCRIPTION NEWSLETTER. You can tell your colleagues and friends about this newsletter! And, of course, if you would like to publish some news here, you can also send an email to info@ecostatis.com
If you're a French reader, you should look at the original French edition here.
Cheers.

! General news

What happened during the last two weeks?

LCM 2017 - Call for abstract is open!

The call for abstracts for the Life Cycle Management Conference that will be hold in Luxembourg in 2017 is open since May 15. The list of sessions is available here.

22nd SETAC Case Study Symposium - Call for abstract is open!

The call for abstracts for the SETAC Case Study Symposium, that will be hold in Montpellier between September 20 and 22, is open until June 15.

LCA XVI - The call for abstracts is still open!

The deadline for the call for abstracts for the LCA XVI Conference, that will be hold in Charleston between September 27 and 29, has been postponed to June 6.

ADEME - Analyse du Cycle de Vie de solutions de chauffage et d'ECS pour des maisons individuelles RT 2012

In French Dans le cadre de ses missions, l'ADEME a souhaité évaluer la performance environnementale, tout au long de leur cycle de vie, de cinq solutions d'équipements énergétiques couplant une solution de chauffage et une solution de production d'eau chaude sanitaire (ECS), les plus représentatives du marché de la maison individuelle neuve en France répondant aux critères de la réglementation thermique « RT 2012 ».

USEtox Summer School

First official USEtox 2.0 Summer School 27-June to 1-July 2016, organized as PhD course at the Technical University of Denmark. Participants work on their own cases to characterize human and ecotoxicity impacts of chemical emissions. Registration open now!

LCA Pesticide Consensus Workshop

Global consensus on estimating pesticide emission fractions for LCA – stakeholder workshop on 18-Oct, 8am-2pm back-to-back with LCA Food 2016 including joint session with 2nd Soil Quality workshop. Registration open now!

Journal of Cleaner Production - Call for abstracts

The Journal of Cleaner Production has published a call for abstracts entitled "Innovation for sustainable development". Abstracts can be submitted until June 29.

! Ecostatis news

Ecostatis at LCM 2017 Conference.

Ecostatis will co-chair with the Joint Research Centre a session entitled "Improving interpretation, presentation and visualisation of LCA studies for decision making support". You can submit your contributions on the following themes:
  • approaches for interpretation and hotspots analysis
  • methods for sensitivity analysis, variability and uncertainty analysis
  • new way of visualizing LCA results, using interactive tools and advanced visualization (such as tree-maps)
  • rationale on how to choose a visualization/ graphical tools depending on the key messages to show and on the audience
  • ideas on how to exploit the large amount of data used in LCAs to provide new insights, using visualization

SCORE LCA - Prospective LCA survey

Within the framework of the SCORE LCA 2015-07 study, entitled "Parametrized inventories for key energies and resources in 2030", Ecostatis and IFPEN have designed a survey to get information on practices and knowledge of LCA expert relative to prospective LCA. The survey is composed of 11 questions (less that 10 min.). Do not hesitate to fill it, the information you give is anonymous and will help improving conducting and interpretating prospective LCAs.

! Scientific literature (11/05 - 24/05)

A selection of scientific articles related to LCA. All links with the icon are published under open-access license.

Buildings / cities

Achenbach et al. have published their thoughts on the synergies between EN15804 and EN16485 with buildings LCAs. Sinha et al. have compared the carbon footprints of two building using the model developed by the Swedish industry, GaBi and Simapro. Their results show large differences because of the different databases used. In particular, GaBi and ecoinvent (SimaPro) databases are using more generic data than the Swedish database. Monteiro Silva et al. have calculated the carbon payback time for the rehabilitation of buildings within the framework "Zero energy building" in Portugal. By using PV panels and solar heating, the payback time can be up to 2 years.
Bunning et al. have studied the LCA of venitian stores. Their results show a 25% decrease of energy consumption thanks to the decrease of air conditioning use in Australia. Silvestre et al. have conducted the LCA of cork insulating material for buildings. The main impacts come from the use of electricity (Portuguese mix) but the authors show that cork have a lower impacts than its concurrents, such as polystyrene, mineral whool and polyurethane. Azari et al. have coupled neural networks and genetic algorithm to minimize the environmental impacts of a building envelope in Seatle.
Finally, Zhang et al. have puhblished an Input/Output LCA of the building sector in China between 1997 and 2012. Their results show that, although theoritically the use phase is the more impacting, the high number of buildings constructed implies that 60% of the impacts are linked with the construction.

Materials / Products

Ingwersen et al. have calculated the LCA of toilet paper production, using a product allocation based on industrial processes rather than average factory data. Their results show the significance of fossil fuel consumption, global warming, land use and particulate matter pollution.
Lo Giudice et al. have conducted the LCA of ceramic tile production. The main impacting step is the electricity used by the kiln and therefore the authors advise decreasing the kiln consumption or using renewable electricity. Chen et al. have calculated the emergy associated with cement production in China. The lime, coal and electricity consumptions are the main impacting steps, leading to a result between 1.92 and 1.93E5 sej / t. Finally, Anthonissen et al. have conducted a review of the LCAs of different material for pavement covers. Their study shows that the use of recycled asphalt can significantly decrease the impacts.

Biomass / Bioproducts

Bioenergy
Chiesa et al. have calculated the LCA of different pellets boilers, coupled with an environmental cost analysis and an air pollution modelling. Their results show that the most innovating boiler is also the less impacting, thanks to a high decrease of CO, SO2 and PM10 emissions. Gu et al. have conducted the LCA of a thermochemical conversion system of wood waste to produce energy. Porsö et al. have calculated the GHG emissions associated with wood production in Mozambique to produce electricity onsite or in Sweden. Finally, Wagner et al. have studied the production of biomass using LCA and have shown that the studies relative to bioenergy should not be limited to GHG emission but be as exhaustive as possible. Their conclusions are based on miscanthus production, which allows GHG emissions benefits but increase toxic and ecotoxic impacts.
Biomaterials
Gontia et al. have conducted the LCA of Na-Pa production using coproducts of paper pulp. The impact of Na-Pa highly depends on the sugar concentration in the paper pulp. Moreover, the bioproduct obtained allows decreasing the GHG emissions compared with the conventional product but also increases all other impacts.
Biofuels
Alejos Altamirano et al. have used LCA to compare biodiesel production using methanol or ethanol. Their results show that substituting methanol by ethanol does not imply environmental benefits. Fernandez-Tirado et al. have compared biodiesel produced from rape seed in Spain with biodiesel from soja imported from Argentina. Their results show that the imported biodiesel have a lower environmental impact, because of seed production and fertilizer use. These results are therefore not in line with the current policies aiming at increasing the share of locally produced biodiesel in Spain. Montazeri et al. have conducted the LCA of biodiesel production from algae. The lowest environmental impacts are not obtained by only maximizing the lipid content of algae but the production should be balanced between lipids and other valuable products. Finally, using the GREET model, Kommalapati et al. have calculated the LCA of bioethanol used by vehicles in the Houston greater region. Their conclusions show that the higher the ethanol content in fuel, the lower the environmental impacts.

Energy

Lamnatou et al. have conducted the LCA of solar concentration panels integrated to buildings in 3 different cities: Dublin, Exeter and Barcelone. The production of the panels is the most impacting step and the global impact is linked with sunshine levels and therefore Barcelone has the lowest impacts. Goe et al. have calculated the environmental impacts of end of life panels in the US. Paradoxically, their results show that most of the time the more environmentally-friendly option is landfilling, since the very low number of recycling plants in the country implies long transport distances. Ghandehariun et al. have published the LCA of hydrogen production using wind energy in Canada. This kind of production would help decreasing by 94% the GHG emissions associated (compared with natural gas reforming).
Li et al. have conducted the LCA of microgrids associated with different renewable energy sources and a plant producing ammonia. In the same domain, Akinyele et al. have studied the LCA of PV panels associated with microgrid to provide energy in developping countries. Their results show a payback time of only 1.46 years in Nigeria.

Solid waste / Wastewater / Drinking water

Fernandez-Lopez et al. have conducted the LCA of pyrolysed manure gasification. Two options have been studied: manure with or without anaerobic digestion. Tunesi et al. have modelled the waste flows in the city of Bologna between 2013 and 2017 and have coupled different scenarios with an LCA. Their model allows showing that the impact can be significantly reduced by changing the material used for collection bags.
Maga has conducted the LCA of biogas production using microalgae fed with wastewater. Compared with natural gas, the biogas obtained allows decreasing global warming, resource consumption and ozone depletion but increases the other impacts. Limphitakphong et al. have calculated the LCAof 7 wastewater treatment plants in Bangkok. Their results shows that the medium sized plants have the lowest environmental impacts. Buonocore et al. have conducted the LCA of several scenarios of wastewater treatment in South Italy. The main impacts are linked with toxicity and eutrophication but their results show that a better use of several elements (wastewater used as fertilizer, biogas production, etc.) can decrease the impacts. Enfin, Heimersson et al. have published a reviw of wastewater treatment LCAs, focusing on nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon flows.
Bian et al. have conducted the LCA of mobile phone recycling in China. Among the different scenarios retained, coupling manual disassembly with modular recycling implies the highest environmental benefits.

Food / Agriculture

Salou et al. have assessed the effect of cattle production intensification. The conclusions vary depending on the functional unit retained: kg of product or surface occupied. Salemdeeb et al. have studied the use of waste food to feed cattle. Their LCA shows that this could decrease the environmental imapcts. Finally, Pirlo et al. have conducted the LCA of pork production in several farms in Italy. Their results show a large variability among the farms along with a large potential for decreasing the impacts.
Braun et al. have calculated th LCA of protein production for energy drinks using soy. These proteins could decrease the environmental impacts compared with conventional production using animal proteins. Finally, Natalia TG et al. have conducted the LCA of neonicotinoids which highlights their toxicity as well as the impacts linked with their production.

Transports

Robertson has used LCA to quantify the GHG emission benefits linked with switching between plane to high speed train for the transportation between Sydney and Melbourne. Even when considering the high speed train infrastructure construction, the latter allows a 18% benefit compared with plane. Pan et al. have calculated the emergy associated with the end of life vehicles recycling in China. Enfin, Mahmoud et al/ have conducted a reviw of several well to wheels analyses of alternative powertrains for buses.

Miscellanous

Lo-Lacono-Ferreira et al. have used LCA to study the environmental footprint of 26 universities. Their study highlights the numerous challenges associated, in particular in the definition of the functional unit of a University. Yasin et al. have produced a statistical analysis of energy consumption in the use phase of textiles. By coupling main component analysis and procrustes analysis, they have identified the main impacting steps. Ferreira et al. have conducted the LCA of 4 types of 9mm ammunitions. Goossens et al. have assessed, using LCA, different fresh products with a label based on agricultural practices (for instance organic production). Their conclusions show that these labels are not sufficient and a label based in LCA shoud be used in order to better inform consumers. Finally, Zanghelini et al. have published a bibliometric study of LCAs conducted in Brasil. Biofuels are the main topic of investigation and USP, Unicamp and UFRJ are the main institutions.

! Upcoming conferences

In this section you will find deadlines of LCA-related conferences. If you would like to add a conference, please send an email to info@ecostatis.com

CONFREGE 2016

Location : Genève (CH)
Date : 27-29 June 2016
Topic : CONférence FRancophone sur l'Eco-conception et le développement durable en Génie Electrique
Previous deadlines : 20/02/16: second contribution call ; 01/03/16: acceptance notification; 15/04/16 : full article submission
Upcoming deadlines : -

LCA case study symposium

Location : Montpellier (FR)
Date : 20-22 September 2016
Topic : The SETAC conference focusing on LCA applications
Previous deadlines : 15/12/15 : session submission
Upcoming deadlines : 15/06/16: abstracts submission; 14/07/16 : acceptance notification ; 08/08/16 : reduced fee registration ; 31/08/16 : online registration

LCA XVI

Location : Charleston (USA)
Date : 27-29 September 2016
Topic : The main North-American conference organised by the American Center for Life Cycle Assessment
Previous deadlines: 03/05/16: Special session submission
Upcoming deadlines: 06/06/16 : Abstract submission

CYCLE 2016

Location : Montréal
Date : 13-14 octobre 2016
Topic : LCA-related conference organised by CIRAIG.
Previous deadlines : 01/04/16 : abstract submission -> postponed to 15/04/16
Upcoming deadlines : 15/06/16 : acceptance notification

LCA Food 2016

Location : Dublin (IE)
Date : 19-21 October 2016
Topic : The reference LCA conference on food products
Previous deadlines: 14/02/16 : abstract submission
Upcoming deadlines: 31/05/16 : full paper submission ; 30/06/16 : reduced fee registration

Congrès avniR

Location : Lille (FR)
Date : 8-9 November 2016
Topic : Yearly French conference on life cycle thinking.
Previous deadlines: 31/11/15 : session submission ; 18/03/16: abstract submission
Upcoming deadlines : 30/09/16 : reduced fee registration

DTU's sustain conference

Location : Copenhague
Date : 30 November 2016
Topic : The LCA-related conference organised by the Denmark Technical University
Upcoming deadlines: -

LCM 2017

Location : Luxembourg
Date : 3-6 September 2017
Topic : The main LCA-related conference
Previous deadlines : 22/02/16 : session submission ; 15/05/16 : call for abstracts
Upcoming deadlines : 15/12/16 : abstract submission
ECOSTATIS

La lettre de l'ACV is a publication from Ecostatis, a consulting company located in Lyon, France (S.A.S.U. au capital de 4 000€).
The data contained in the newsletter are for information only and Ecostatis cannot be hold responsible for any damage resulting from mistakes or inaccuracies.
To unsubscribe, send an email to info@ecostatis.com with the object "UNSUBSCRIPTION NEWSLETTER".