Hard to read? Click here to see the newsletter in your web browser

! Editorial

"LCA news" is a French bimonthly newsletter ("La lettre de l'ACV" in French), published by Ecostatis. Every two weeks, It presents LCA-related information, a bibliography study and a conference agenda. This is the first English-translated version (12th issue in French).
To subsribe to the next issues, please send an email to info@ecostatis.com with the object SUBSCRIPTION NEWSLETTER. You can tell your colleagues and friends about this newsletter!
If you're a French reader, you should look at the original French edition here.
Cheers.

! General news

What happened during the last two weeks?

Impact Workshop for Public-Private Partnership Projects

The slides that were presented during the Impacts Workshops for Public-Private Partnership Projects on sustainable industrial processes (April 21-22), energy-efficient buildings (April 18-19) and factories of the future (April 14-15) are now available for download.

Horizon 2020 Information Day: Climate Action, Environment, Resource Efficiency & Raw Materials

The European Commission will organise on September 14 an information day to present the calls for proposals for next year Horizon 2020 challenges. The topics are the following: climate change, environment, resource use efficiency and raw materials.

ADEME (French EPA) - New publication "Réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre tout au long de la chaîne de valeur de votre activité"

Ademe has published a new report (in French) on its "Bilan Carbone" methodology which present various contributions from practitioners and stakeholders.

! Ecostatis news

Scientific publications between January and April - report

Between January and April, about 400 scientific articles have been presented in the newsletter. You can see the main keywords associated with these publications on a graph by cliking here

The graph is dynamic and allows you seeing all keywords, filter the less frequent ones or see those that are usually associated together. Do not hesitate to send by mail your comments or the data you would like to seen on the next graphs.

! Scientific literature (26/04 - 10/05)

A selection of scientific articles related to LCA. All links with the icon are published under open-access license.

Buildings / cities

Soust-Verdaguer et al. have conducted a review of simplified LCAs in the building sector. They show that simplifications mainly target system boundaries and result communication. Lasvaux et al. have applied a main component analysis on a large number of life cycle inventories in the building sector and for 6 impact characterisation methods. They conclude that only 5 indicators would be necessary to cover the entire range of results: fossil fuels, ecotoxicity, ionising radiations, land use and mineral resource depletion. Finally, Lawania et al. have calculated the GHG emissions and embodied energy of a typical house in Australia by considering 60 different envelopes.

Materials / Products

Kim et al. have conducted a review of LCAs related to nanomaterials used in photovoltaic panels. Yu et al. have tested three methodologies to assess the uncertainties and the quality of the data used in the LCA of pavement bituminen. Finally, Rönnlund et al. have proposed a methodological framework to compare different products from the metallurgic sector. Their method is based on 31 indicators presented as a "flower", allowing seeing the results in a simple and clear manner. In a second article, they have applied their method on copper as a case study.

Biomass / Bioproducts

Martin-Gamboa et al. have conducted the LCA of biohydrogen using biomass from wine production. By coupling LCA with a process simulation and data envelopment analysis, they showed the possible benefits for the whole sector.
Ingram et al. have calculated the GHG emissions associated with the production of maple trees in nurseries. Their results show that the trees sequestrate more CO2 than their production emits, with a balance comprised between -665 and -670 kg CO2-eq per tree. Bosco et al. have assessed the GHG emissions of the cultivation of giant cane on different types of uncultivated soils. Even when considering land use change, the production of giant cane could help sequestrate large quantities of CO2.

Energy

Numerous articles on photovoltaic panels have been published during the last two weeks. Thus, Tsang et al. have conducted the LCA of organic PV panels. Their results show that these panels could decrease the environmental impacts by 89% compared with conventional panels. Hong et al. have calculated the LCA of multi-cristalline PV panels produced in China, using data from the industry. The most important steps are the production of aluminium and electricity (using coal as the main source). Jayathissa et al. have published the LCA of adaptative PV panels integrated in buildings. The environmental impacts of these panels may be higher than conventional panels if the system boundaries do not consider the decrease of air conditioning usage linked with the dynamic shading provided by the panels. Celik et al. have conducted the LCA of perovskite PV cells, produced at the lab and at industrial scale. When looking at the production step only, the cells have lower impacts than conventional silicium-based cells but the latter actually have a lower impact thanks to their better lifespan. Finally, Sandwell et al. have assessed the GHG emission benefits and the costs of deploying PV system in rural regions of India. Different combinations of panels associated with a battery and a stationary diesel engine have been studied to determine the most efficient one.
Uilhein has published the LCA of 180 electricity production technologies using the driving force of oceans. The results are comprised between 15 and 105 g CO2-eq / kWh produced. All inventories are published under open-access license.

Solid waste / Wastewater / Drinking water

Villares et al. have conducted the LCA of a new recovery process of metals from electronic waste. The LCA is based on a lab-scale process and on a hypothetic industry-scale process and shows that, though the process is promising at the lab, it is in fact more impacting than the conventional process. Alcantara-Concepcion et al. have calculated the LCA of several treatment processes of waste coming from end of life computer in Mexico. Their results show that open air disposal should be avoided in favor of more recycling.
Söderman et al. have published a methodological framework for the assessment of waste treatment routes based on 3 coupled models: (i) a macro-economic model; (ii) a system engineering model; (iii) an LCA. Turner et al. have combined material flow analysis and LCA to assess different municipal waste treatment policies. The MFA shows that the policy recycling objectives are not achieved while the LCA concludes that the best strategy is to avoid landfilling. Tagliaferri et al. have conducted the LCA of methane and electricity production using municipal waste. They conclude that electricity production allows reducing the CO2 mix of UK but that less impacting methane production routes exist. Ahamed et al. have assessed, using LCA, what are the best food waste treatment routes in Singapore. Depending on oil content, anaerobic digestion (oil content lower than 5%) and biodiesel production (oil content higher than 5%) are the best options.
Finally, Almeida et al. have proposed a method based on emergy for the assessment of different packaging solutions. Their method allows decreasing the amount of data needed compared with LCA and is applied on drink packaging in Brasil.

Social LCA

Souza et al. have conducted the social LCA of the production of first and second generation biofuels in Brasil. Their results show that, while first generation biofuels provide more jobs, they are less qualified and less payed than for second generation biofuels. Wang et al. have proposed a framework, based on the recommendations of the UNEP/SETAC intiative, to conduct social LCA. Their framework is based on 19 indicators on a scale between 1 and 5.

Methodology

Bach et al. have proposed a new midpoint indicator covering ocean acidification caused by CO2, CO and CH4 emissions. Their study describes in details the model and proposes characterisation factors that can be directly integrated in LCIA. Pini et al. have worked with the USEtox model to develop characterisation factors for TiO2 nanoparticles. The obtained CFs are comprised between 5.5E-9 and 1.43E-2 cases/kg, for carcinogen and non-carcinogen toxicity and indoor and outdoor air. Smith et al. have published a new method to use exergy as an indicator in LCA by using a matrix reduction technique allowing a good accuracy while decreasing the quantity of data needed. Finally, Teillard et al. have presented their thoughts on the assessment of the impacts on biodiversity caused by agriculture in the framework of LCA.

Food / Agriculture

Burek et al. have calculated the environemental impacts of different diets used by pork producers in the US. Their results show that the impacts could be decreased, while simultaneously decreasing the costs. Ziegler et al. have published their guidelines for using LCA as a method for assessing the environmental impacts of fishery products.
Bartocci et al. have conducted the LCA of wine vinegar production in Italy. The impacts are linked with the use of fertilizers, vinegar aging, packaging, boiling and press. Emery et al. have compared the GHG emissions of lettuce production in urban agriculture and conventional agriculture. Gonçalves Maciel et al have calculated the GHG emissions of soy production in Brasil. Their results showed the relevance of land use change (between +205% and +892% GHG emissions, depending on soil type).
Fusi et al. have conducted the LCA of rice production using wastewater treatment sludge. Their results show that this technique should be replaced by conventional composting. Kreidenweis et al. have optimised barley, maize, oil, sugar and wheat produced in Germany and Brasil and sold to German consumers. Interstingly, their results show that local products do not always have lower impacts when optimizing transportation from Brasil. Rosa et al. have calculated the LCA of fresh and frozen chestnuts. The most impacting steps are chestnut production and freezing. However, the results show that it is less impacting to eat frozen chestnuts than importing fresh ones outside the regular production period.

Transports

Ellingsen et al. have studied the environmental impacts of increasing the size and autonomy of electric vehicles.

Miscellanous

The second volume of the serie "Environmental Footprints and Eco-design of Products and Processes ", published by Springer, is dedicated to additive manufacturing (3D printing). It contains 2 chapters related with LCA: Muthu et al. have work on the carbon footprint of 3D printing while Kerbrat et al. have conducted a review of existing LCAs. Sun et al. have conducted the LCA of a bio-hydrometallurgical treatment of Zn-Mn batteries.The main impacts are linked with direct metal emissions in the environment.

! Upcoming conferences

In this section you will find deadlines of LCA-related conferences. If you would like to add a conference, please send an email to info@ecostatis.com

SETAC 2016

Location : Nantes (FR)
Date : 22-26 May 2016
Topic : One of the reference conference in LCA.
Previous deadlines : 25/11 : abstract submission ; 01/16 : registration opening ; 22/01/16 : abstract acceptance notification ; 22/03/16 : registration for presenting people ; 22/04/16 : reduced fee registration ; 27/04/16 : regular fee registration
Upcoming deadlines : -

CONFREGE 2016

Location : Genève (CH)
Date : 27-29 June 2016
Topic : CONférence FRancophone sur l'Eco-conception et le développement durable en Génie Electrique
Previous deadlines : 20/02/16: second contribution call ; 01/03/16: acceptance notification; 15/04/16 : full article submission
Upcoming deadlines : -

LCA case study symposium

Location : Montpellier (FR)
Date : 20-22 September 2016
Topic : The SETAC conference focusing on LCA applications
Previous deadlines : 15/12/15 : session submission
Upcoming deadlines : 15/06/16: abstracts submission; 14/07/16 : acceptance notification ; 08/08/16 : reduced fee registration ; 31/08/16 : online registration

LCA XVI

Location : Charleston (USA)
Date : 27-29 September 2016
Topic : The main North-American conference organised by the American Center for Life Cycle Assessment
Previous deadlines: 03/05/16: Special session submission
Upcoming deadlines: 17/05/16 : Abstract submission

CYCLE 2016

Location : Montréal
Date : 13-14 octobre 2016
Topic : LCA-related conference organised by CIRAIG.
Previous deadlines : 01/04/16 : abstract submission -> postponed to 15/04/16
Upcoming deadlines : 15/06/16 : acceptance notification

LCA Food 2016

Location : Dublin (IE)
Date : 19-21 October 2016
Topic : The reference LCA conference on food products
Previous deadlines: 14/02/16 : abstract submission
Upcoming deadlines: 31/05/16 : full paper submission ; 30/06/16 : reduced fee registration

Congrès avniR

Location : Lille (FR)
Date : 8-9 November 2016
Topic : Yearly French conference on life cycle thinking.
Previous deadlines: 31/11/15 : session submission ; 18/03/16: abstract submission
Upcoming deadlines : 30/09/16 : reduced fee registration

DTU's sustain conference

Location : Copenhague
Date : 30 November 2016
Topic : The LCA-related conference organised by the Denmark Technical University
Upcoming deadlines: -

LCM 2017

Location : Luxembourg
Date : 3-6 September 2017
Topic : The main LCA-related conference
Previous deadlines : 22/02/16 : session submission
Upcoming deadlines : 15/05/16 : call for abstracts ; 15/12/16 : abstract submission
ECOSTATIS

La lettre de l'ACV is a publication from Ecostatis, a consulting company located in Lyon, France (S.A.S.U. au capital de 4 000€).
The data contained in the newsletter are for information only and Ecostatis cannot be hold responsible for any damage resulting from mistakes or inaccuracies.
To unsubscribe, send an email to info@ecostatis.com with the object "UNSUBSCRIPTION NEWSLETTER".